Alfred Lewin Copley
1972 Recipient of the Jean-Leonard-Marie Poiseuille Award
Founder of Biorheology
During the first international Congress on biorheology(ICB), A.L.Copley was
awarded the Poiseuille Gold Medal. The word of Biorheolgy was first introduced
by Alfred L. Copley in 1948, at the 1st International Congress of Biorheology
in Holland, in an attempt to give a precise identity to whole series of studies
carried out at the frontier between biology and rheology. Dr.Copley was certainly
the founder of "Biorheology". He had contributed to every aspect
of biorheology and championed it's advancement and its dissemination. A.L.
Copley had contributed researches on blood and blood vessels : his most useful
contribution to the promotion of further research was his explanation for the
fact that blood starts to clot on contact with all the surfaces except (other
than in pathological conditions) the vessel wall. His theory of the existence
of a fibrin-like "endoendothelial layer" on the vessel wall, although
controversial led to much further research. He also introduced the term "hemorheology".